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German plans with Prekmurje and Porabje, and the beginning of the occupation

Germany intended to redefine the border with Hungary based on the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) and its voidness after the Anschlus (1938). Both Prekmurje and Porabje were included in these plans. In a broader sense, it was a rearrangement of southeastern Europe (die Neuordnung Südosteuropas) that would give the Reich an area important for the supply of Vienna and other Austrian industrial areas (Ostmärkische Industriegebiete). In addition to numerous studies, maps and other materials before the outbreak of war, the plans were implied by the establishment of local groups of the Swabian- German Cultural Association (Schwäbich-Deutscher Kulturbund) in Prekmurje. These were founded in German villages as well as in Murska Sobota and Doljna Lendava, which was presumed to be undisputably Hungarian. Studies, which were made in the months before the invasion by dr. Helmut Carstanjen (the chief ideologue behind the Germanization of Styria and Prekmurje) and his Südostdeutsches Institut in Graz, and the memoranda for the Foreign Ministry in Berlin based on them, demanded the division of Prekmurje between Hungary and Germany. The secret plans concerning Porabje were published in the booklet called The Inclusion of the German Part of Western Hungary to the Reich. It introduced German colonization in Hungary as a continuous and territorially completed »chain of German villages and towns from the Danube to the Mura river; from Bratislava to Monošter.« The Germans in Železna županija (Eisenburg) mostly lived in the area of Kőszega (Güns) with its surrounding area; in the valleys of the Pinka (Pinkataal) creek; and the river Raba with Monošter (Raabtalgemeinde mit St. Gotthard). When Hungary became a member of the Tripartite Pact, plans changed, and Hitler gave up Prekmurje and Medžimurje.

The report by the newspapers Domovina and Kmetski list about the situation in Prekmurje after the beginning of the occupation. May 22, 1941.
The report by the newspapers Domovina and Kmetski list about the situation in Prekmurje after the beginning of the occupation. May 22, 1941.


Sketched map of Porabje. The Slovenian area (Slovenska vas, Doljni Senik) is marked in blue. (Inclusion of the German Part of Western Hungary to the Reich; Map XIII.)
Sketched map of Porabje. The Slovenian area (Slovenska vas, Doljni Senik) is marked in blue. (Inclusion of the German Part of Western Hungary to the Reich; Map XIII.)


The cover of the booklet The Inclusion of the German Part of Western Hungary to the Reich (Die Eingliederung des deutschen Westugarn in das Deutsche Reich. Geheime Reichssache. Anlagen. Politisches Archiv des Auswärtigen Amts. Berlin, 1934-, R 105159, Pol. XII 39).
The cover of the booklet The Inclusion of the German Part of Western Hungary to the Reich (Die Eingliederung des deutschen Westugarn in das Deutsche Reich. Geheime Reichssache. Anlagen. Politisches Archiv des Auswärtigen Amts. Berlin, 1934-, R 105159, Pol. XII 39).


Dr. Helmut Carstanjen reports, as an associate of the »Verein für das Deutschtum im Ausland«, in a telegram sent from Graz to Berlin on April 14, 1941, about Prekmurje, which was temporarily under German military command with the districts of Murska Sobota (Olsnitz) and Dolnja Lendava (Unterlimbach); which was fervidly welcomed by the locals, who also expressed their desire for the province to join Germany. On April 16, the Germans handed over authority over Prekmurje to the Hungarians. (Politisches Archiv. Auswärtiges Amt. Mikrofilm-Nr.: 105.128. R 29.663)
Dr. Helmut Carstanjen reports, as an associate of the »Verein für das Deutschtum im Ausland«, in a telegram sent from Graz to Berlin on April 14, 1941, about Prekmurje, which was temporarily under German military command with the districts of Murska Sobota (Olsnitz) and Dolnja Lendava (Unterlimbach); which was fervidly welcomed by the locals, who also expressed their desire for the province to join Germany. On April 16, the Germans handed over authority over Prekmurje to the Hungarians. (Politisches Archiv. Auswärtiges Amt. Mikrofilm-Nr.: 105.128. R 29.663)